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» » What are Exogenous Ketones and Should You Take them?

What are Exogenous Ketones and Should You Take them?
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| February 7

You’ve probably heard them mentioned on various keto diet blogs: exogenous ketones

exogenous ketones

There are many misconceptions surrounding exogenous ketones – they’ve been getting a reputation as a “magic bullet” or “shortcut” to ketosis, weight loss, and other health benefits…all without needing to follow a keto diet.

But is this really true? While they certainly have a variety of uses and benefits, we’re going to clear up the facts about exogenous ketones for you in this article (plus video).

QA Video on Exogenous Ketones

We recently did a rapid-fire questions round with Alex Cunningham from Perfect Keto, and he answered your most common questions on exogenous ketone supplements:

Alex was born and raised in San Francisco and graduated from Villanova University with a B.S. in Chemical Engineering. He’s passionate about nutrition, breaking down health myths, trends in the health food industry, the piano, and Bay Area sports. Alex is the Head of Partnerships for https://www.perfectketo.com/ketosummit/base”>Just click here to check it out.

Let’s go back to basics a bit…when you go on a Keto diet, you restrict net carbohydrate intake to below 20-25g per day.

And after a few days…

Your blood glucose levels fall as you deplete your glycogen stores and your cells can’t rely on glucose as their main fuel source anymore. There just isn’t enough to meet their needs.

You effectively force your body to start burning stored fat.

And one of the by-products of your liver breaki9ng down the fatty acids is ketone bodies.

While many of your cells can use fatty acids and glycerol directly as fuel, your brain cells cannot. And so in the absence of glucose, your body will send ketones to your brain to fuel it.

These ketones are produced in your liver through the breakdown of fatty acids in a process called ketogenesis.

There are actually two different types of ketone bodies….

The ones your body produces naturally are called endogenous ketones .

endogenous ketones

And the artificially produced ketones you take in the form of a powder/pill/oil supplement are called exogenous ketones .

Acetone Acetoacetic Acid Beta Hydroxybuyrate

Now that we’re clear about what the different types of ketones actually are, let’s dive into the different types of ketone supplements…

Pugh, K. J., Bergstrom, C. M., Spencer, B. (2017). Profiles of transformative engagement: Identification, description, and relation to learning and instruction. Science Education , 101 , 369-398. doi:10.1002/ sce.21270

Does It Matter if Students Undergo Transformative Experiences?

Duh, of course it matters! Who doesn’t want their students telling the stories of rocks? If a purpose of life is to have rich, meaningful experiences, shouldn’t education contribute to this purpose? Shouldn’t a goal of education be to provide rich experiences and increase students’ capacity for rich experiences in everyday life outside of school? Shouldn’t education be transformative? John Dewey, one of America’s most important philosophers and educators, certainly believed this (see Experience and Education ).

In addition, transformative experiences are related to a number of other important educational outcomes including:

For research reports on this topic, see the following articles:

Girod, M., Twyman, T., Wojcikiewicz, S. (2010). Teaching and learning science for transformative, aesthetic experience. Journal of Science Teacher Education , 21 , 801-824. doi:10.1007/s10972-009-9175-2

Heddy, B. C., Sinatra, G. M. (2013). Transforming misconceptions: Using transformative experience to promote positive affect and conceptual change in students learning about biological evolution. Science Education , 97 , 723-744. doi:10.1002/ sce.21072

Pugh, K. J. (2002). Teaching for transformative experiences in science: An investigation of the effectiveness of two instructional elements. Teachers College Record , 104 , 1101-1137. doi:10.1111/1467-9620.00198

Pugh, K. J., Linnenbrink-Garcia, L., Koskey, K. L. K., Stewart, V. C., Manzey, C. (2010). Motivation, learning, and transformative experience: A study of deep engagement in science. Science Education , 94 , 1-28. doi:10.1002/sce20344

Why Is Learning Transformative for Some Students But Not Others?

This is a question in need of further research. Initial studies suggest students are more likely to undergo transformative experiences when they have an interest in the domain, identify with the domain, perceive a connection to their teacher, and adopt a learning goal orientation (i.e., focus on learning as opposed to social comparison). A willingness to “surrender” to the experience may also be important along with other factors.

For a research report and theoretical musings, see:

Wong, D. (2007). Beyond control and rationality: Dewey, aesthetics, motivation, and educative experiences. Teachers College Record , 109 , 192-220. doi: http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 12740

How Do You Foster Transformative Experiences?

We’ve conducted a fair amount of research on this topic, primarily in the domain of science education, resulting in the Teaching for Transformative Experiences in Science model. adidas Originals Black Medusa Buckle Loafers ZG4Tr41w
for more details.

Call a doctor if your child:

Check with your doctor if your child:

Health professionals who may care for a child who has with type 1 diabetes include:

Exams and Tests

A child with type 1 diabetes needs to visit his or her doctor at least every 3 to 6 months. During these visits, the doctor reviews your child's blood sugar level records and asks about any problems you and your child may have. Your child's blood pressure is checked, and growth and development is evaluated. The doctor examines your child for signs of infections, especially at injection sites. Your child usually has the following tests at office visits:

If your child has a family history of high cholesterol or heart disease and is at least 10 years old, your child's doctor may do a cholesterol (LDL and HDL) test when type 1 diabetes is diagnosed or as soon as blood sugars are under control. If there is no family history of high cholesterol, your child may have a cholesterol test at puberty. If the LDL cholesterol is less than 100 mg/dL (2.60 mmol/L) and there is no family history of high cholesterol, the doctor may repeat this test every 5 years.

Diabetes increases your child's risk for dental problems. Experts suggest dental checkups every 6 months.

Once a year, you and your child may also see other members of the diabetes team, for example:

5 years after diagnosis

Your child will have an initial dilated eye exam ( ophthalmoscopy ) by an ophthalmologist or an optometrist if your child has had diabetes for 3 to 5 years and has started puberty or has had diabetes for 3 to 5 years and is at least 10 years old. This eye exam checks for signs of diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma . Thereafter, your child may have an eye exam every year. If your child is at low risk for vision problems, your doctor may consider follow-up exams less often.

Your child's doctor will also start doing an annual urine test to check for protein. This test helps detect diabetic nephropathy .

Other tests

Your child may have a test for thyroid antibodies when type 1 diabetes is diagnosed. Also, a corneliani Derby shoes wOAz8DpD
test and a thyroxine (T4) test may be done every 1 to 2 years. These tests check for thyroid problems, which are common among people who have type 1 diabetes.

Other tests include:

The goal of your child's treatment for type 1 diabetes is to always keep his or her blood sugar levels within a target range . A target range reduces the chance of diabetes complications. Daily diabetes care and regular medical checkups will help you and your child accomplish this goal.

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